The borough and surrounding areas were once dominated by market gardens, producing the bulk of food for the capital's hungry workers.
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Now a Lottery-funded project 'Jam Yesterday Jam Tomorrow' is attempting to dig up the history of that fertile period and revive it, albeit on a smaller scale. Project manager Verusca Calabria is trying to build a fuller picture of the gardens, which flourished for nearly years before being virtually wiped from the map by the s due to a combination of cheaper transport and the demand for housing.
She and a team of about 20 volunteers have been scouring dusty journals and speaking to the descendants of major producers and their staff. What they learn is being put into practice at a model market garden in Marble Hill Park, Twickenham, close to the site of an 18th century kitchen garden which belonged to King George II's mistress Henrietta Howard. As well as growing fruit and veg there, they plan to make jam and run educational sessions for schoolchildren and NVQ courses in horticulture for young adults.
They also plan to put together a touring exhibition about the history of market gardens and develop drama workshops for schools as part of the three-year initiative, bankrolled by the Heritage Lottery Fund.
We know a lot about the major garden owners but not so much about the ordinary market farmers," said Ms Calabria. One map shows 40 per cent of the land around Twickenham was occupied by market gardens, with most of the produce going straight to Covent Garden.
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For proof of the pre-eminence of farming during that period, she explains, you only need to look at The Gardeners' Chronicle. The journal, whose contributors included a certain Charles Darwin, had a bigger readership in its heyday than The Observer and other national titles of the day. The Census records nearly 15, agricultural workers being employed in Middlesex and though most of the county's market gardens have been paved over, shards of glass from long-demolished greenhouses are still present in the soil.
A more appetiting reminder are names like the Hounslow Wonder and the Spring Grove Codlin, two types of apple grown locally, and the Feltham pea - plus many more varieties bearing the titles of the producers who grew them. We're keen to come and take pictures of trees and plants to verify if that's the case.
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Learn about the hidden history of commercial food production in Whitton, at Nelson Road, Whitton. Increasing the size of the network is characterized by behaviors of users similar to that of travelers on transportation networks, who act independently and in a decentralized manner in choosing optimal routes between origin and destination is an extension of the induced demand theory and consistent with Downs' theory of "triple convergence", formulated to explain the difficulty of removing peak congestion from highways. In response to a capacity addition three immediate effects occur: drivers using alternative routes begin to use the expanded highway; those previously traveling at off-peak times either immediately before or after the peak shift to the peak rescheduling behavior as defined previously and public transport users shift to driving.
According to Downs, the link between average speeds on public transport and private transport applies only "to regions in which the vast majority of peak-hour commuting is done on rapid transit systems with separate rights of way. Central London is an example, since in around 85 percent of all morning peak-period commuters into that area used public transit including 77 percent on separate rights of way and only 11 percent used private cars.
When peak-hour travel equilibrium has been reached between the subway system and the major commuting roads, then the travel time required for any given trip is roughly equal on both modes.
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